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Presented at the 20th Annual Research Conference

Civic Functioning and Mental Health During the Transition to Adulthood

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Session Number: 9 Room: Salon A

Presentation Type: symposium

Chair: Maryann Davis Discussant:

Synopsis: In this session three large scale studies will examine various issues of the overlap of mental health and juvenile or criminal justice involvement during the transition to adulthood. The goal of the session is to inform the audience about the prevalence and nature of arrests in public system mental health populations during the transition years, similarities and differences in comparison to general offenders, and information about factors contributing to decreases or increases in offending. Policy and service implications will be emphasized.

Date: Monday, March 5, 2007

Session Time: 1:15 PM - 2:45 PM

Arrests During the Transition to Adulthood; Young Adults in State Adult Mental Health Services

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Presenting: William Fisher; Maryann Davis

All Authors for this paper: William Fisher; Maryann Davis

Presentation Type: element of symposium

Synopsis: Young adults with serious mental health problems are at high risk for involvement with the criminal justice system. Using data from a 10-year cohort study of individuals receiving services from the Massachusetts Department of Mental Health in 1991, we describe risk for and patterns of arrest among persons a cohort of individuals age 18-25 (N = 1,101). This group experienced a 50.1% arrest rate over the period; arrest rates were highest and roughly equal (29.6% and 29.9%) for crimes against public order and serious violent felonies. Case management and residential services appear to reduce arrest risk, but less effectively than among older members of the cohort.

Pathways to Desistance in Serious Juvenile Offenders and Mental Health Considerations

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Presenting: He Len Chung

All Authors for this paper: He Len Chung; Edward Mulvey; Carol Schubert

Presentation Type: element of symposium

Synopsis: A pressing mental health consideration for the juvenile justice field is the robust link between substance use and delinquent behavior during and beyond adolescence. The Pathways to Desistance study is a longitudinal project designed to examine such issues among serious adolescent offenders in Pennsylvania and Arizona. Developmental trajectory modeling is used to compare trajectories of offending among 1,083 males with varying levels of substance use problems. Results indicate that while most offenders show declining patterns of antisocial behavior in early adulthood, individuals with diagnosable substance use disorders are at particular risk for significant and persistent offending beyond adolescence.

Arrests During the Transition to Adulthood; Gender and Public Mental Health System Involvement

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Presenting: Maryann Davis; William Fisher

All Authors for this paper: Maryann Davis; William Fisher

Presentation Type: element of symposium

Synopsis: Adolescents with serious emotional disturbances (SED) are at high risk of arrest during adolescence and early adulthood. The current study examined gender differences and differences between a public mental health and general population of arrestees in age of arrest onset, frequency of arrest, types of charges, and likelihood of re-arrest using existing administrative databases and statewide populations of the same age. Implications for services will be discussed.